12 long COVID symptoms you should mention to your doctor
People who have been infected by COVID have reported a range of long-term syndromes which have plagued them ever since. Here are the 12 most common.
According to an analysis of 51 studies on COVID-Long, which has not yet been peer-reviewed, one in five people affected developed brain fog six months after being infected with Covid-19. This was the case whether or not the patients were hospitalised.
Six out of ten COVID-19 survivors who had been hospitalised reported muscle fatigue and weakness six months later, according to a Chinese study. Brain fog and fatigue are also features of chronic fatigue syndrome.
One in five COVID-19 patients reported sleep problems six months after becoming ill, according to an analysis of 51 studies.
Shortness of breath and persistent cough
Shortness of breath and persistent cough are common in people infected with COVID-19 one to six months after infection, according to a study of over 73,000 US veterans.
Palpitations and irregular heartbeats were common among COVID-19 patients, according to the US veterans' study. They also had an increased risk of developing heart failure, atherosclerosis and even blood clots within six months of infection. Myocarditis, an inflammation of the heart muscle, was also observed in patients with a long Covid.
Neurological symptoms and mental disorders
According to a large study, more than a third of patients who have been affected by COVID experience neurological symptoms or mental illness within six months of infection. Anxiety and mood disorders, such as depression, were the most common.
Loss of the sense of smell
Of those who lost their sense of smell after infection with COVID-19, about a third did not regain it for two months or more, according to a US survey.
Intestinal symptoms, loss of appetite and diarrhoea
A Chinese study found that more than 40% of patients hospitalised with COVID-19 reported bowel-related problems three months after their primary infection. The most common symptoms were loss of appetite, nausea, acid reflux and diarrhoea.
Skin rashes and hair loss
People who contracted COVID-19 reported skin rashes six months after infection, according to the study of US veterans. A study in China documented hair loss in 22% of patients six months after hospitalisation for COVID-19.
Chest tightness, joint and muscle pain
In a survey of long-term symptoms of COVID published in December, nine out of ten people reported symptoms such as chest tightness, muscle and joint pain one month after infection. These symptoms persisted for at least seven months for some respondents. However, these data have not yet been peer-reviewed.
According to the study of US veterans, patients with COVID-Long were 39% more likely to be newly diagnosed with diabetes within six months of infection.
Those who survived COVID-19 also had a higher risk of developing acute kidney disease, according to the veterans' study.